2019-02-07

The Copula at Its Imperative Forms


As said earlier, the copula da is a fundamental particle which performs some of the functions usually performed by the verb to be and its forms, the link between the subject and its predicate.

So let us focus at the imperative part, done by the form ba and its related forms as you can see below:

Tense/
Mode
No-pastPastNo-past
(with emphasis on future)
Affirm.Neg.Affirm.Neg.Affirm.Neg.
Factualdamu /
ne
derimu deri /
ne deri
darahmu darah /
ne darah
Desiderative/
Potential
namu na/
ne na
nerimu neri/
ne neri
narahmu narah/
ne narah
Imperativebamu ba/
ne ba
berimu beri/
ne beri
barahmu barah/
ne barah

The Imperative form embodied at this particle is possibly rhetoric at most, although it may be used also for practical ordenative as shown below:

§ Jad VIR ba.
→ "Be a MAN."

§ Jad gi ko ba.
→ "Be a good girl."

well... this must be enough for now (:

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