2019-01-18

The Copula at Its Potential Forms


As said earlier, the copula da is a fundamental particle which performs some of the functions usually performed by the verb to be and its forms, the link between the subject and its predicate.

So let us focus at the potential part, done by the form na which you can see below:

Tense/
Mode
No-pastPastNo-past
(with emphasis on future)
Affirm.Neg.Affirm.Neg.Affirm.Neg.
Factualdamu /
ne
derimu deri /
ne deri
darahmu darah /
ne darah
Desiderative/
Potential
namu na/
ne na
nerimu neri/
ne neri
narahmu narah/
ne narah
Imperativebamu ba/
ne ba
berimu beri/
ne beri
barahmu barah/
ne barah

Due to the potential form embodied, the particle na and its variations (the na-branch particles) aren't meant for declarations or statements. Instead, they are for assumptions, kinda things starting with "if it was..." or "if it could be...".

§ Carly Simon da leonor, de on neri aktor.
 → Carly Simon is singer, but she would be an actress.

§ Kapkek na levniai, kol narah legurmezotjaror. [1]
 → Cupcake can be cheaper, just degourmetize it.

These na-branch particles may be used for putting verbs into desiderative/potential forms.

Well, that's it for now (:
__________________________________________________
[1] lit. "just [it] should be degourmetized".


2019-01-12

The Copula and Its Various Forms



The copula da is a fundamental particle which performs some of the functions usually performed by the verb to be and its forms, the link between the subject and its predicate.

The copula da has several forms as shown below:

Tense/
Mode
No-past Past No-past
(with emphasis on future)
Affirm. Neg. Affirm. Neg. Affirm. Neg.
Factual da mu /
ne
deri mu deri /
ne deri
darah mu darah /
ne darah
Desiderative/
Potential
na mu na/
ne na
neri mu neri/
ne neri
narah mu narah/
ne narah
Imperative ba mu ba/
ne ba
beri mu beri/
ne beri
barah mu barah/
ne barah

Notice the alternative negation particle ne "not" and how it can be declined with the possession endings (nem, ned, nej, nenk, netek, nejuk), and some emphasis can be added in affirmatives by the particle ja (jam, jad, jaj, jank, jatok, jajuk) which is the alternative for the adverb da "yes"

Let's see some Latin sentences

§ alis grave nil.
"with wings nothing is heavy."
→ elto nul da gurai.

§ absens heres non est.
"the absent is not heir."
→ ha falteia mu lojunor.

§ actus simulatus nullius est momenti.
"the simulated deed has no value."
→ simulai ato da nuli atae.

§ vana est sine viribus ira.
"anger without strength is vain."
→ čikarale uračo da üresi.

well... this must be enough for now (:

2019-01-06

Early Mistakes - Capital Inicial: Through the Wordings

Let's make analysis on the Lyrics posted at Early Mistakes - Capital Inicial.





Original verseMeaningGrammar/Comments
Iranem da maiasaMy path is every morning-m "my..."
mai- "every" (time only)
Douni mi rot mu na šešijedDo not look for where I amro (relative clause)
Feitam mu minnanoMy fate is no one else's businessmu "is not"
minna "everyone"
-no "of"
Bumni žaromot mu lefsevijuMy walking leaves no footprints
Fi mu rozumejš, tun mu lajšIf you don't understand, don't see
Fi mett mu lajš, mett mu rozumejšIf you don't see me, you don't understand me
Douni mi rot mu na šešijedDo not look for where I am
Fi aleivosiam da maheradIf my attitude surprises you so much-m "my..."
-d "your..."
Fi ha telom narah biIf my body turned into sunnarah: (desiderative + future emphasis) form of da
Fi ha manom narah biIf my mind turned into sun
De kol amesoj, amesojBut it just rains, it rainsde "however"
Amesoj, amesojIt rains and rains
Fi ği jomni na ha miIf I could somedaynote the definite article used with the personal pronoun
Pan ašeremet na laketemSee every of my past momentspan "the whole (of)"
Amet na tomeketem kajAnd if I could stop the rain
Da, b rišon misra ni, biAt the early mistakes, Sun-n (standalone genitive)
-ra (plural)
Fi ha telom narah biIf my body turned into sun
Fi ha manom narah biIf my mind turned into sun
De kol amesoj, amesojBut it just rains, it rains
Amesoj, amesojIt rains and rains
Fi ği jomni na ha miIf I could someday
Pan ašeremet na laketemSee every of my past moments
Amet na tomeketem kajAnd if I could stop the rain
Da, b rišon misra ni, biAt the early mistakes, Sun
Fi ha telom narah biIf my body turned into sun
Fi ha manom narah biIf my mind turned into sun
De kol amesoj, amesojBut it just rains, it rains
Amesoj, amesojIt rains and rains
Fi ha telom narah biIf my body turned into sun
Fi ha manom narah alerIf my mind turned into air
De kol amesoj, amesojBut it just rains, it rains
Amesoj, amesojIt rains and rains
Fi ha telom narah biIf my body turned into sun
Fi ha manom narah biIf my mind turned into sun
De kol amesoj, amesojBut it just rains, it rains
Amesoj, amesojIt rains and rains

Well, it should be enough for now (: