2018-03-27

A Little Talk On Plurals



First of all, Ozen plural forms aren't mandatory. They exist mostly for things like emphasis, rhetorics, poetry and so on.

Second, when you place any quantifier (no matter if it is a number or a fuzzy) right before the noun you must keep it on singular form. Fuzzy quantifiers are those which do not specify exact amount, such as kis "a few", šok "a lot", mane "many" and so on.

Third, there are nouns that are plural, such as ludia "people". Such kind of words does not have singular form.

Fourth, collective nouns might be used as a form of plural in certain subjects.

Fifth, not all plural forms end with the -K suffix. There are a few irregular ones:
  1. Nouns ending with -um change this to -a.
    • parlamentum → parlamenta
    • fundamentum → fundamenta
    • pavimentum → pavimenta
    • kuantum → kuanta
  2. Nouns ending with -izam change this to -iža.
    • socializam → socialiža
    • totalitarizam → totalitariža
    • konservatizam → konservatiža
    • liberalizam → liberaliža
  3. Nouns ending with -k do not change.
    • kadilak → kadilak
    • pontiak → pontiak
  4. Some nouns ending with consonant may accept an alternative plural marker: -im
Well, that's all for now. Bye ~

Photo entry: Violet Evergarden.

1 comment:

  1. 5. Maybe some words ending with -r just add -a (-r becomes -ra).
    > Bakalar - Bakalara / Bakalarim - Dual (-r + lar/ler): Bakalalar
    > Jaguar - Jaguara / Jaguarim - Dual: Jagualar
    > Parlamentar - Parlamentara / Parlamentarim - Dual: Parlamentalar
    > Mister - Mistera / Misterim - Dual: Misteler
    The same words also accepts -im.
    Dual: if ends with -r remove it and add -lar/-ler

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