2016-12-05

Пасив Кое - The Passive Voice (Part II)


There is another form for the passive voice. Instead of using the special verb forms, you can just change the sentence in a form you "freeze" the verb in a participle form, according to the context, and adding one of these particles: да (da), дери (deri), на (na) or нери (neri).

Passive Voice when an agent is defined.
Active Voice Жане хазат келесие
(lit: Jane house-<acc> clean-<no.past-definite.3rd.pers>)
Jane cleans the house.
1st Passive Form Жаненек хаз келесиери
(lit: Jane-<nek> house clean-<no.past-definite.3rd.pers-passive>)
The house is cleaned by Jane.
2nd Passive Form Жаненек л хаз да келейми
(lit: Jane-<nek> house <da> clean-<passive.participle>)
The house is cleaned by Jane.


Passive Voice when an agent is NOT defined.
Active Voice Сомрен хазат келесие
(lit: someone house-<acc> clean-<no.past-definite.3rd.pers>)
Someone cleans the house.
1st Passive Form Хаз келесиери
(lit: house clean-<no.past-definite.3rd.pers-passive>)
The house is cleaned.
2nd Passive Form Л хаз да келейми
(lit: house <da> clean-<passive.participle>)
The house is cleaned.

Some things you should know:
  1. The second form tends to suit more to that cases when defining the agent is not needed.
  2. If the verb in the first form is in definite form, the article л (l, "the") must be supplied to the corresponding noun while using the second form.
  3. The particle дери (deri) corresponds to the past tense of  да (da), and both particles are used in the Indicative mode.
  4. Similarly, the particle нери (neri) corresponds to the past tense of на (na). These particles are used in the Desiderative mode.
It's enough for now. Bye (:

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