2016-12-25

I'll go there if it doesn't rain.



Many times you want to say something like:

I'll go to Rock In Rio festival if it doesn't rain.

It would be instead a Soccer Game, a church service, a high school class or whatever.

It does not matter whatever thing you want to do or where you want to go or whatever else, and also doesn't matter the thing constraining or impeaching your willl.

The sentence model remains the same: I'll ________ if ________. And almost everything fits on these blanks.

Also, you can replace the I'll with the person you want to say about.

In Alethian language, the basic structure is as shown:

_______ на ________.

In other words, the needed-to-happen or the constraining reason must come in Desiderative mode (remember: the same verb forms plus the na (na) particle). This particle will also serve to "divide" the sentence accordingly.

So, let's see the translated version of that phrase?

Не амесе на Rock in Rio мацурни е юсу.

Ok, let's explain the parts:

Не амесе is the thing you need to happen. In the case, it doesn't rain. It could be another person doing something, too.

Rock in Rio мацурни е юсу is the thing you want to do.

This is the direct form of saying that. You might find it inverted as this:

Rock in Rio мацурни е юсу, не амесе на.

In case of doing this, you must add the comma (,) between the terms, and add the particle на at the very end.

VOKABULAR

ameda (v.) : to rain (conjugable at the sg. 3rd only, unless using it in connotative, i.e., in a non-dictionary, non-standardized sense, like that woman is raining in tears.
matsur (n) : festival, great feast
yuda (v.) : to go











2016-12-08

Манифестиаи Пронума - The Demonstratives


Demonstrative pronouns point to things, people and whatever in the discourse. They are used as qualifiers (adjectives) or as true nouns.

They come in two flavors: presentive and absentive.

The Presentive demonstratives are used for things, people and whatever when present in the same "scene" where the speaker is., e.g., you would use these for things or people you can see in the space you are:

Demonstrative
Noun
Demonstrative
Adjective
Meaning Example
кесе
(kese, "this")
кес
(kes, "this")
for things or people
nearer to the speaker
кесе да аутом.
this is my car.

кес ауто да ака.
this car is red.
сесе
(sese, "that")
сес
(ses, "that")
for things or people
nearer to the listener
Микер сес хонт бридарех хоплиза.
Please, bring that book to me.
хесе
(hesе, "that")
/
есе
(esе, "that")
хес
(hes, "that")
/
ес
(es, "that")
for things or people
far from both
Хесе да Сусаннак аутой.
That is Susan's car.

Хес ауто да ао.
That car is blue.

The Absentive demonstratives are used for things, people and whatever outside (absent) the same "scene" where the speaker is., e.g., you would use these for things or people you can NOT see in the space you are, i.e., for things beyond your sight:

Demonstrative
Noun
Demonstrative
Adjective
Meaning Example
селе
(sele, "this")
селес
(seles, "this")
for things or people
(which are absent)
said as nearer to the listener
Селес ому на ги.
This idea feels good.

Селе да Chrissy.
This is Chrissy.
хеле
(helе, "that")
/
еле
(elе, "that")
хелес
(heles, "that")
/
елес
(eles, "that")
for things or people
(which are absent)
said as far from both
Хелес ому на ги.
That idea feels good.

Хеле да Chrissy.
That is Chrissy.

Well, it's enough for today. Bye (:)

2016-12-05

Пасив Кое - The Passive Voice (Part II)


There is another form for the passive voice. Instead of using the special verb forms, you can just change the sentence in a form you "freeze" the verb in a participle form, according to the context, and adding one of these particles: да (da), дери (deri), на (na) or нери (neri).

Passive Voice when an agent is defined.
Active Voice Жане хазат келесие
(lit: Jane house-<acc> clean-<no.past-definite.3rd.pers>)
Jane cleans the house.
1st Passive Form Жаненек хаз келесиери
(lit: Jane-<nek> house clean-<no.past-definite.3rd.pers-passive>)
The house is cleaned by Jane.
2nd Passive Form Жаненек л хаз да келейми
(lit: Jane-<nek> house <da> clean-<passive.participle>)
The house is cleaned by Jane.


Passive Voice when an agent is NOT defined.
Active Voice Сомрен хазат келесие
(lit: someone house-<acc> clean-<no.past-definite.3rd.pers>)
Someone cleans the house.
1st Passive Form Хаз келесиери
(lit: house clean-<no.past-definite.3rd.pers-passive>)
The house is cleaned.
2nd Passive Form Л хаз да келейми
(lit: house <da> clean-<passive.participle>)
The house is cleaned.

Some things you should know:
  1. The second form tends to suit more to that cases when defining the agent is not needed.
  2. If the verb in the first form is in definite form, the article л (l, "the") must be supplied to the corresponding noun while using the second form.
  3. The particle дери (deri) corresponds to the past tense of  да (da), and both particles are used in the Indicative mode.
  4. Similarly, the particle нери (neri) corresponds to the past tense of на (na). These particles are used in the Desiderative mode.
It's enough for now. Bye (: