2016-11-08

Пасив Кое - The Passive Voice




The Пасив Кое (Passive Voice) is simply an artifact that allows someone swap the roles of the subject and the object in the discourse or in a given phrase. First thing you need know is the verb, because the rest will be carried around it.

Alethian verbs have their synthetic passive forms. That's the Active Indicative:


Indef. No-pastDef. No-pastIndef. PastDef. Past
miа-с-уа-с-ома-т-уа-т-ом
tiа-с-есса-с-ода-т-есса-т-од
öа-с-еа-с-иеа-т-еа-т-ие
bizа-с-имеа-с-онка-т-имеа-т-онк
tizа-с-итеа-с-отока-т-итеа-т-оток
ökа-с-ека-с-юка-т-ека-т-юк

Now, the Passive Indicative.


Indef. No-pastDef. No-pastIndef. PastDef. Past
miа-с-у-риа-с-ом-иа-т-у-риа-т-ом-и
tiа-с-есс-иа-с-од-иа-т-есс-иа-т-од-и
öа-с-е-риа-с-ие-риа-т-е-риа-т-ие-ри
bizа-с-име-риа-с-онк-иа-т-име-риа-т-онк-и
tizа-с-ите-риа-с-оток-иа-т-ите-риа-т-оток-и
ökа-с-ек-иа-с-юк-иа-т-ек-иа-т-юк-и

Have you noticed it? Simply just add и (-i) when verb form ends with consonant or ри (-ri) when it ends with a vowel.
Жане хазат келесие
Jane cleans the house.

Жаненек хаз келесиери
The house is cleaned by Jane

A second thing you need know is that the object becomes the subject and, thus, it loses its т (-t) suffix.
Жане хазат келесие
Jane cleans the house.

Жаненек хаз келесиери
The house is cleaned by Jane

A third thing you need know: whenever a named subject exists in the active, it becomes the agent of the passive voice. Hence, it receives the нак/нек (-nak/-nek) suffix.
Жане хазат келесие
Jane cleans the house.

Жаненек хаз келесиери
The house is cleaned by Jane

From such point of view, it is quite simple, and it does not need even change word order. Instead, you just add and drop suffixes and desinences.

The и (-i) / ри (-ri) scheme is valid for every finite verb form (except participles).

More complex things would come in the next moment. Let us see what.

Bye (:

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1 comment:

  1. For those who can't read Cyrilic: http://puu.sh/se47H/fa18b6c901.png

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