2016-01-20

Cases and Suffixes of Meaning


In Varga Language, alike in Seylum, nouns can receive special endings to indicate the most common roles of a word in the phrase, where other languages used to deal with such relations through prepositions and other additional words and expressions.

In some cases (namely from the second to the fifth line), some sufixes depend on vowel harmony, based upon last vowel of the word. Basicly, if it is on (a, o, u) group, the suffix to be used is that one containing a or o, and if the last vowel falls onto (e, i, ö, ü) group, takie that other containing e.

For the direct object suffix, it's simplt -t when the word ends with vowel or with (r, s, sz, z, n).

For the genitive suffix, it's simplt -n when the word ends with vowel.


SuffixRole of the wordSamples
Nominativebi
"sun"
nun
"fish"
deti
"family"
tomo
"friend"
-t / -ot / -etDirect objectbitnunotdetittomot
-n / -on / -enGenitive
("of...")
binnunondetintomon
-nak / -nekDative
("something is done for...")
bineknunnakdetinektomonak
-kar / -kerAblative
("shomething is done by...")
bikernunkardetikertomokar
-hazHome indicator
("x's Home")
bihaznunhazdetihaztomohaz
-veInstrumental
("using...")
bivenunvedetivetomove
-niLocative
("in the...")
bininunnidetinitomoni
-noPartitive
("of...")
binonunnodetinotomono
-leAbessive
("without...")
bilenunledetiletomole
-toComitative
("with...")
bitonuntodetitotomoto
-fiConditional
("in case of... / being...")
bifinunfidetifitomofi


For the personal pronouns, many of them have special forms, mainly biz and tiz:


SuffixRole of the wordSamples
Nominativemi
"I"
ti
"You"
ö
"He/She/It"
biz
"We"
tiz
"You*"
ök
"They"
-t / -ot / -etDirect objectmetttettötbigettigetöket
-n / -on / -enGenitivemintinönbigentigenöken
-nak / -nekDativeminektinekönekbignektigneköknek
-kar / -kerAblativemikertikerökerbigkertigkerökker
-hazHome indicatormihaztihazöhezbighaztighazökhez
-veInstrumentalmivetiveövebigvetigveökve
-niLocativeminitiniönibignitigniökni
-noPartitiveminotinoönobignotignoökno
-leAbessivemiletileölebigletigleökle
-toComitativemitotitoötobigtotigtoökto
-fiConditionalmifitifiöfibigfitigfiökfi


So that's for now (:



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1 comment:

  1. Tazaroanak listentikunai eppam.
    For the end of times, every country isn't prepared.

    ReplyDelete