2013-04-07

Ige: Indikativ Mode - No-past Tense

Salve!

Today we'll have the first lesson on verbs. And before you ask me, the post's title stands for verbs: indicative mode.

First, mind the verbs have several modes, even though has just two tense statements (called past and no-past -- in Szion, péstu and lopéstu). Along these tenses, a Szion verb changes its parts to point out the person, number, inclusivity (only for 1st plural pronouns) and voice. There is no gender distinction, not even at 3rd persons ('he' and 'she' uses the same pronoun o).

Well, let's learn the past and no-past tenses for the indicative mode, where we use three verbs to show hou they work, okay?

Indicative Mode: No-Past Tense
  • Verb: tirac = to make a goal (footbal)
mi tirayu
ti tirayesz
o tiraye
biz tirayiz
miz tirayimiz
tiz tirayitiz
oû tiray
  • Verb: sumac = to sum up; to make account (accounting)
mi suyu
ti suyesz
o suye
biz suyiz
miz suyimiz
tiz suyitiz
oû suy
  • Verb: ieremec = to establish, to found (a home, a business), to raise (a new clan, like in Naruto)
mi iereyu
ti iereyesz
o iereye
biz iereyiz
miz iereyimiz
tiz iereyitiz
oû ierey

As you've noticed, all desinences are the same for any verbs -- they can end up with -ac, -mec or -mac. However, the -ac verbs drops out just the -c ending and then add their forms; the other verbs (-mec and -mac.) remove these endings before adding desinences.

Exercise:

1. Conjugate all these verbs in No-past Indicative: divac "to dive", kiluac "to kill, to murder", szinac "to die", laemec "to live", eszac "to eat", szac "to chat", kyuac "to heal", sagamac "to make love", sagasitac "to be wise, to be sagacious", animasac "to animate", télébisac "to broadcast on a TV channel", téléfonac "to call by phone", tegamac "to post a letter", oaikac "to wander, to go away without any destiny", gószpélmec "to preach the Gospel", sóraikac "to climb up the sky" (e.g., as NASA does), hévikac "to go to the Heaven".

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