2013-04-14

Ige: Indikativ Mode - Past Tense


Salve!

That's our second lesson on verbs. The post title stands for verbs: indicative mode - past tense. 

In the last post we learned about the no-past tense -- in Szion, lopéstu --, on Indicative mode, active voice.
Let's learn the past tenses for the indicative mode, working on the same three verbs we used, okay?

Indicative Mode: Past Tense
  • Verb: tirac = to make a goal (footbal)
mi tirad
ti tiradesz
o tirade
biz tiradiz
miz tiradimiz
tiz tiraditiz
oû tirad
  • Verb: sumac = to sum up; to make account (accounting)
mi sud
ti sudesz
o sude
biz sudiz
miz sudimiz
tiz suditiz
oû sud
  • Verb: ieremec = to establish, to found (a home, a business), to raise (a new clan, like in Naruto)
mi iered
ti ieredesz
o ierede
biz ierediz
miz ieredimiz
tiz iereditiz
oû iered

As you've noticed, all desinences are the same for any verbs -- they can end up with -ac-mec or -mac. However, the -ac verbs drops out just the -c ending and then add their forms; the other verbs (-mec and -mac.) remove these endings before adding desinences.

There is another thing about the past tense. Unlike the no-past tense, the -mec/-mac verbs whose stems ends with a consonant need a link vowel before adding the past desinences. What vowel is added? It's based upon the last vowel of the verb stem. If the last vowel is one of [a, i, u, î, û] or a compound on these like [aû, uî] etc., an a is added. Otherwise, if the vowel is one of [e, o, é, ó], an e is added at the verb stem.


► kózmec "to apply makeup/ cosmetics in the face" → o kózye "she glosses" → o kózede "she glossed"
► karmac "to have karma" → o karye "she has karma" → o karade "she had karma"

And remember these link vowels do not apply for -ac verbs (like divac), since these verb stems naturally ends with a!


Exercise:

1. Conjugate all these verbs in the past Indicative: divac "to dive", kiluac "to kill, to murder", szinac "to die", karmac "to have karma", kózmec "to makeup", laemec "to live", eszac "to eat", szac "to chat", kyuac "to heal", sagamac "to make love", sagasitac "to be wise, to be sagacious", animasac "to animate", télébisac "to broadcast on a TV channel", téléfonac "to call by phone", tegamac "to post a letter", oaikac "to wander, to go away without any destiny", sóraikac "to climb up the sky" (e.g., as NASA does), hévikac "to go to the Heaven".

2013-04-07

Ige: Indikativ Mode - No-past Tense

Salve!

Today we'll have the first lesson on verbs. And before you ask me, the post's title stands for verbs: indicative mode.

First, mind the verbs have several modes, even though has just two tense statements (called past and no-past -- in Szion, péstu and lopéstu). Along these tenses, a Szion verb changes its parts to point out the person, number, inclusivity (only for 1st plural pronouns) and voice. There is no gender distinction, not even at 3rd persons ('he' and 'she' uses the same pronoun o).

Well, let's learn the past and no-past tenses for the indicative mode, where we use three verbs to show hou they work, okay?

Indicative Mode: No-Past Tense
  • Verb: tirac = to make a goal (footbal)
mi tirayu
ti tirayesz
o tiraye
biz tirayiz
miz tirayimiz
tiz tirayitiz
oû tiray
  • Verb: sumac = to sum up; to make account (accounting)
mi suyu
ti suyesz
o suye
biz suyiz
miz suyimiz
tiz suyitiz
oû suy
  • Verb: ieremec = to establish, to found (a home, a business), to raise (a new clan, like in Naruto)
mi iereyu
ti iereyesz
o iereye
biz iereyiz
miz iereyimiz
tiz iereyitiz
oû ierey

As you've noticed, all desinences are the same for any verbs -- they can end up with -ac, -mec or -mac. However, the -ac verbs drops out just the -c ending and then add their forms; the other verbs (-mec and -mac.) remove these endings before adding desinences.

Exercise:

1. Conjugate all these verbs in No-past Indicative: divac "to dive", kiluac "to kill, to murder", szinac "to die", laemec "to live", eszac "to eat", szac "to chat", kyuac "to heal", sagamac "to make love", sagasitac "to be wise, to be sagacious", animasac "to animate", télébisac "to broadcast on a TV channel", téléfonac "to call by phone", tegamac "to post a letter", oaikac "to wander, to go away without any destiny", gószpélmec "to preach the Gospel", sóraikac "to climb up the sky" (e.g., as NASA does), hévikac "to go to the Heaven".

2013-04-06

Botan

The word botan means Beginning in Szion language -- specially if it refers to an event.

Szion is the shorter name for Szion-l-Sonozaki what is the language's name and stands for "Shion The Sonozaki". The name (and the language itself) is dedicated to Sonozaki Shion.

The language seems look a very much Domenaic but it's different, specially on verb conjugations (even the same system is shared by both). It still following the Russian patterns in some desinences but there is a bit more Turkish on it too (: and I Love Turkish language :) In this way, some pronouns differs a lot, specially the plural 1st persons -- miz and biz, which means inclusive 'we' and exclusive 'we', respectively. In this way, I changed the plural forms of these pronouns and verbal desinences from -K (inspired on Hungarian language) to -Z (a Turkish piece). But don't worry: noun plurals still -K.

Next days I'll post the Szion's verbal system. Get ready!