2013-12-16

Pritinyela? What is this?

Pritinyela (also called Likaone) is a new language, belonging with the same constructed languages family named upon the first one's name, Viriatic, what is actually the former name of Domenaic Language.

The name Pritinyela is inspired upon Priti (a player from osu! rhythm games), adding nyela to it. Nyela really means language and comes from Hungarian nyelv "language". Pritinyela shares most of features that occur along the other languages (Domenaic and Szion), while it holds some special stuff as such as phonetics. Pritinyela borrows almost the whole phonetics from Hungarian language too, taking off the most difficult parts (such as vowel harmony and doubled accents). As it will shown in further posts, the most of vowels and consonants are alike those we can found at most of European languages, while the dyphthongs feel a bit Asian sounds and even African.

Besides phonology, Pritinyela verb system also differs from the other conlangs from the same family. It brings up the difference between Indefinite/Definite stances along the no-past and past tenses. This feature was borrowed from Hungarian verb system but without its complexity as Magyars does, since there is no vowel harmony as in Hungarian.

Well, it feels enough by now. Next post, we'll know the consonants. Bye~

2013-10-27

Syntax Analysis: Part I

"Memrapesz tin Beraszoret tin ifyuszantayani, pré tin akui yomek, pré tin rossi nenek ro ti loûyeszrah: ┌ Kesen mi nai satisfatia ┘." ── Priszanor jukie, édji


Well, before translate it for our language, let's decompose each term:

Memrapesz is a form of the verb memrac "to memory, to remind". The -pesz part is truly a compound of -p- (Imperative mode) and -esz (single, 2nd person). In fact, this work is "remember (you) [a thing]".

tin is the oblique form of ti "you", with the -n (Genitive mark) it means "your".

Beraszoret is the object form (because of the -t suffix) of Beraszor "The Creator". The e between the word end and the -t suffix is just a link vowel.

Here we can say "Remember the Creator..." as an acceptable translation, although the correct is "Remember the your Creator...".

tin was explained above.

ifyuszantayani is a compound word: ifyusza means "youth". Taya is "time", but in the same sense of "days" on "the days of youth". And the -n suffix in the middle is, newly, the Genitive mark, which can be used as a link between the words with a possessive relation. Ah! The -ni ending could be took as "in the".

"Remember the Creator in the days of youth"... It sounds familiar to you? If yes, I'm sure you can translate the rest. However, some people would know the other words in detail. Let's go!

pré is before. Simply.

akui is bad, worst. It came from Japanese aku "the evil, the worse".

yomek is the plural of yom "day", which came from Hebrew. The -k is a plural suffix. Again, the -e- is a link vowel. Thence, yomek is "days".

rossi is also "bad, worst", but the meaning is less stronger than akui, and it doesn't apply for people as akui does.

nenek is "years", plural of nen "year", and it came from Japanese. The explanations for its parts are the same for the yomek, above.

ro is the phrase divisor. In fact, its meaning depends almost solely on context, but it could be roughly translated as "that" or even "in which".

ti is you.

loûyeszrah is the verb loûmac "to say, to speak" in the single, 2nd person (-yesz) form, with an additional suffix (-rah) which reinforces the meaning of being a future action. Meaning: "you will say".

Kesen is "this". In the text, the -k suffix was omitted ─ it should be kesenek "these".

mi is I.

nai is not. Here, it denies the verb.

satisfatia is "contentment, satisfaction".

With all words explained, let's see the translation:

"Remind the Creator in the days of youth, before the worst days, before the worst years in which you'll say «In these I not contentment.»".

The «last part» is just a rough transwordation, not a proper translation ─ let's give a better one:

"Remind the Creator in the days of youth, before the worst days, before the worst years in which you'll say «In these I'm not pleased.»".

Well, we hope you pleased the explanations.

Att.




2013-05-12

Ige: Dezidérativ Mode - Past and No-past Tenses

Salve!

That's our third lesson on verbs, where we'll learn about the desiderative mode. The post title stands for Verbs: Desiderative Mode - Past and No-past Tenses. In the last post we learned about the past tense -- in Szion, péstu --, finishing our learning on Indicative mode.

Desiderative mode is quite simple: just add the na suffix to the corresponding form in the Indicative.

Desiderative Mode Formations
  • Verb: tirac = to make a goal (footbal)
mi tirayu
ti tirayesz
o tiraye
biz tirayiz
miz tirayimiz
tiz tirayitiz
oû tiray
mi tirayuna
ti tirayeszna
o tirayena
biz tirayizna
miz tirayimizna
tiz tirayitizna
oû tirayna
mi tirad
ti tiradesz
o tirade
biz tiradiz
miz tiradimiz
tiz tiraditiz
oû tirad
mi tiradna
ti tiradeszna
o tiradena
biz tiradizna
miz tiradimizna
tiz tiraditizna
oû tiradna
  • Verb: sumac = to sum up; to make account (accounting)
mi suyu
ti suyesz
o suye
biz suyiz
miz suyimiz
tiz suyitiz
oû suy
mi suyuna
ti suyeszna
o suyena
biz suyizna
miz suyimizna
tiz suyitizna
oû suyna
mi sud
ti sudesz
o sude
biz sudiz
miz sudimiz
tiz suditiz
oû sud
mi sudna
ti sudeszna
o sudena
biz sudizna
miz sudimizna
tiz suditizna
oû sudna
  • Verb: ieremec = to establish, to found (a home, a business), to raise (a new clan, like in Naruto)
mi iereyu
ti iereyesz
o iereye
biz iereyiz
miz iereyimiz
tiz iereyitiz
oû ierey
mi iereyuna
ti iereyeszna
o iereyena
biz iereyizna
miz iereyimizna
tiz iereyitizna
oû iereyna
mi iered
ti ieredesz
o ierede
biz ierediz
miz ieredimiz
tiz iereditiz
oû iered
mi ieredna
ti ieredeszna
o ieredena
biz ieredizna
miz ieredimizna
tiz iereditizna
oû ieredna




Exercise:

1. Conjugate all these verbs in the Desiderative modes: divac "to dive", kiluac "to kill, to murder", szinac "to die", karmac "to have karma", kózmec "to makeup", laemec "to live", eszac "to eat", szac "to chat", kyuac "to heal", sagamac "to make love", sagasitac "to be wise, to be sagacious", animasac "to animate", télébisac "to broadcast on a TV channel", téléfonac "to call by phone", tegamac "to post a letter", oaikac "to wander, to go away without any destiny", sóraikac "to climb up the sky" (e.g., as NASA does), hévikac "to go to the Heaven".

Next Post: Verb and Voice Changes

2013-04-14

Ige: Indikativ Mode - Past Tense


Salve!

That's our second lesson on verbs. The post title stands for verbs: indicative mode - past tense. 

In the last post we learned about the no-past tense -- in Szion, lopéstu --, on Indicative mode, active voice.
Let's learn the past tenses for the indicative mode, working on the same three verbs we used, okay?

Indicative Mode: Past Tense
  • Verb: tirac = to make a goal (footbal)
mi tirad
ti tiradesz
o tirade
biz tiradiz
miz tiradimiz
tiz tiraditiz
oû tirad
  • Verb: sumac = to sum up; to make account (accounting)
mi sud
ti sudesz
o sude
biz sudiz
miz sudimiz
tiz suditiz
oû sud
  • Verb: ieremec = to establish, to found (a home, a business), to raise (a new clan, like in Naruto)
mi iered
ti ieredesz
o ierede
biz ierediz
miz ieredimiz
tiz iereditiz
oû iered

As you've noticed, all desinences are the same for any verbs -- they can end up with -ac-mec or -mac. However, the -ac verbs drops out just the -c ending and then add their forms; the other verbs (-mec and -mac.) remove these endings before adding desinences.

There is another thing about the past tense. Unlike the no-past tense, the -mec/-mac verbs whose stems ends with a consonant need a link vowel before adding the past desinences. What vowel is added? It's based upon the last vowel of the verb stem. If the last vowel is one of [a, i, u, î, û] or a compound on these like [aû, uî] etc., an a is added. Otherwise, if the vowel is one of [e, o, é, ó], an e is added at the verb stem.


► kózmec "to apply makeup/ cosmetics in the face" → o kózye "she glosses" → o kózede "she glossed"
► karmac "to have karma" → o karye "she has karma" → o karade "she had karma"

And remember these link vowels do not apply for -ac verbs (like divac), since these verb stems naturally ends with a!


Exercise:

1. Conjugate all these verbs in the past Indicative: divac "to dive", kiluac "to kill, to murder", szinac "to die", karmac "to have karma", kózmec "to makeup", laemec "to live", eszac "to eat", szac "to chat", kyuac "to heal", sagamac "to make love", sagasitac "to be wise, to be sagacious", animasac "to animate", télébisac "to broadcast on a TV channel", téléfonac "to call by phone", tegamac "to post a letter", oaikac "to wander, to go away without any destiny", sóraikac "to climb up the sky" (e.g., as NASA does), hévikac "to go to the Heaven".

2013-04-07

Ige: Indikativ Mode - No-past Tense

Salve!

Today we'll have the first lesson on verbs. And before you ask me, the post's title stands for verbs: indicative mode.

First, mind the verbs have several modes, even though has just two tense statements (called past and no-past -- in Szion, péstu and lopéstu). Along these tenses, a Szion verb changes its parts to point out the person, number, inclusivity (only for 1st plural pronouns) and voice. There is no gender distinction, not even at 3rd persons ('he' and 'she' uses the same pronoun o).

Well, let's learn the past and no-past tenses for the indicative mode, where we use three verbs to show hou they work, okay?

Indicative Mode: No-Past Tense
  • Verb: tirac = to make a goal (footbal)
mi tirayu
ti tirayesz
o tiraye
biz tirayiz
miz tirayimiz
tiz tirayitiz
oû tiray
  • Verb: sumac = to sum up; to make account (accounting)
mi suyu
ti suyesz
o suye
biz suyiz
miz suyimiz
tiz suyitiz
oû suy
  • Verb: ieremec = to establish, to found (a home, a business), to raise (a new clan, like in Naruto)
mi iereyu
ti iereyesz
o iereye
biz iereyiz
miz iereyimiz
tiz iereyitiz
oû ierey

As you've noticed, all desinences are the same for any verbs -- they can end up with -ac, -mec or -mac. However, the -ac verbs drops out just the -c ending and then add their forms; the other verbs (-mec and -mac.) remove these endings before adding desinences.

Exercise:

1. Conjugate all these verbs in No-past Indicative: divac "to dive", kiluac "to kill, to murder", szinac "to die", laemec "to live", eszac "to eat", szac "to chat", kyuac "to heal", sagamac "to make love", sagasitac "to be wise, to be sagacious", animasac "to animate", télébisac "to broadcast on a TV channel", téléfonac "to call by phone", tegamac "to post a letter", oaikac "to wander, to go away without any destiny", gószpélmec "to preach the Gospel", sóraikac "to climb up the sky" (e.g., as NASA does), hévikac "to go to the Heaven".

2013-04-06

Botan

The word botan means Beginning in Szion language -- specially if it refers to an event.

Szion is the shorter name for Szion-l-Sonozaki what is the language's name and stands for "Shion The Sonozaki". The name (and the language itself) is dedicated to Sonozaki Shion.

The language seems look a very much Domenaic but it's different, specially on verb conjugations (even the same system is shared by both). It still following the Russian patterns in some desinences but there is a bit more Turkish on it too (: and I Love Turkish language :) In this way, some pronouns differs a lot, specially the plural 1st persons -- miz and biz, which means inclusive 'we' and exclusive 'we', respectively. In this way, I changed the plural forms of these pronouns and verbal desinences from -K (inspired on Hungarian language) to -Z (a Turkish piece). But don't worry: noun plurals still -K.

Next days I'll post the Szion's verbal system. Get ready!