2011-12-10

Place markers and Locative cases

Hello!

We'll see now some location prefixes and suffixes. They'll serve to show the place someone or anything. All prefixes can be (or not) used along with the generic locative suffix -ts/-ets for more clearness.

*going on
*exit from
*pass through

These affixes can be ordered in three classes, each of them having a prefix and a suffix with the same function.

Inessive (or "to")

The el-/eli- prefix comes from Hebrew, it is the English "to" and it is used as destination marker.

The -ba suffix comes from Hungarian, it is the English “into” and "onto" and it is used as destination marker.

Egressive (or “from”)

The mi-/mit- prefix comes from Hebrew and is the English “from”; used as origin marker.

The -bol suffix comes from Hungarian and is the English “from”; used as origin marker.

Stative (or “in” and “at”)

The be- prefix (it is also found as a separate word b before the word) comes from Hebrew and is the English “in” and “on/above”.

The -ni suffix come from Japanese and is the English "in" and “at” marker.

The use of both affixes in a single word adds (or reinforces) the “inner” or “in the center point of” perspective to the movement.

Samples

All following samples show the two given options.

B Italia mi
Italiani mi
I’m in Italy

Mark Berlinba Parisbol utazing.
Mark elberlin mitparis utazing.
Mark is traveling from Paris to Berlin.

Mitsion lau araha elkaets.
Sionbol lau araha kaeba.
The Law will come from Sion for the whole world.

Tijéleba ponoc saoz zikovat dulsat.
Eltijéle ponoc saoz zikovat dulsat.
On the bowl, put three cups of sugar.

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