2011-10-30

Plural I

Just add –K to the word. Note you need a link vowel -e- sometimes.

men “table” -----> menek “tables”
sui “water” -----> suik “waters”
kóp “cup” -----> kópek “cups”

kópek v jui naranie rikayu ale.
Please, give me two cups of orange juice.

The plural suffix must be the last one to be added. All other ones that apply a noun shall be added first. There is a order: first cases, then genitive, then the plural.

Mikyu keket -----> Mikyu keketek
I eat cake -----> I eat cakes

Joehózen duen telebek
There are wo televisions at Joe’s home.

2011-10-23

Verbs: No-past Tense I

Hello!

Today we will see first thing about verbs. There is two main forms: no-past and past. Now we'll see the no-past forms and later the past.

Mi znayu
Ti znayesh
On znaye
Mu znayem
Mo znayeme
Tuk znayete
Onk znayoû

It is valid for any verb (all verb infinitives ends in -c). There are a notable exception: for the -oc verbs, the o is dropped out. Their conjugations became:

Mi shabryu
Ti shabryesh
On shabrye
Mu shabryem
Mo shabryeme
Tuk shabryete
Onk shabryoû

Some examples:

Mikyu keket
I eat cookie

Shebyu mit
I shave myself

Mark shebye
Mark shaves itself

That's enough. In the next time, we'll learn how desiderative tenses are formed.

Bye^^

2011-10-09

Stress in Pronounciation

Hello!

Today we will learn more about word stress. There are some important rules and Domenaic has some "stress guides" at certain words. Please remember two notes:

note a: Accents DOES NOT alter stress.

lena "solemnity, celebration"

note b: If word ends in a consonant, it does not count as syllable.

note c: Stress does not changes along noun declinations nor verb conjugations.

kenutara "library"
kest kenut buud kenutaranak "I bought this book from a library."

Stress Rules For Nouns

1. The standard is stress falls in second last syllable as most as Portuguese words.

laboratore "laboratory"
kenutara "library"

2. Double letters in any syllable of the last three makes stress fall in the vowel right before themselves.

allapo "attitude"
puella "a child girl"
reddere "responsability"

3. Words ending with -[vowel + v] makes stress fall in that vowel.

Barrandov - a place at Prague City (Czech Republic)
prigav "preparation"

Stress Rules For Verbs

Verbs has stress in the second last vowel (the one right before the other linked to final c). All verbs retain its original stress along their conjugations (alike nouns through their declinations).

prigatoc "to do preparation"
mi prigatyu --- I do preparation
ti prigatyesh --- you (single) do preparation
on prigatye --- he/she/it does preparation
mu prigatyem --- we (with you) do preparation
mo prigatyeme --- we (without you) do preparation
tuk prigatyete --- you (plural) do preparation
onk prigatyoû --- they do preparation

It is enough for this time. I hope see you next post.
Bye ^^

2011-10-07

Alphabet & Pronounciation II

Hello!

Let us learn more about? Alphabet and pronounciation has more issues to be covered in a single post. That is the second part and... Let's know together?

Front Diphthongs:

ya sounds like Japanese yakisoba.

yu sounds like you

ye sounds like Japanese iene as pronounced by western people.

yo sounds like as in Japanese name Yoshi.

ûa sounds like 'wa' in Japanese wasabi.

ûi sounds like French oui.

ûe sounds like the 'ue' in the Spanish surname Corcuera.

ûo sounds like 'wo' in wow!

Back Diphthongs: 

sounds like the i in bike.

sounds like the 'ui' in Rapa Nui.

sounds like a in may or pay.

sounds like the oi in Japanese koi as pronounced by western people.

sounds like 'ao' in Mao Tsé-Tung.

sounds like 'ill' in will.

sounds like Portuguese pronoun eu (I).

sounds like 'ow' in grow.

Triphthongs:

yaî, yuî, yeî, yoî, ûaî, ûeî, ûoî, yaû, yeû, yoû, ûaû, ûeû and ûoû are all triphthongs. Their sounds are made by mixing a front and a back diphthongs (both with the same base vowel) into a single one. E.g., by taking the ya and diphthongs and mixing into a single yaî.

The ûaî sound can be shown through the uay part in the country names Uruguay and Paraguay