The verb "To Be" and equational sentences

First of all, there is no verb "to be" in Ozen language. Instead, a set of particles take the place and work alike. Thence, let's know them.

Factual Particles
  • da (imperfect/no-past)
  • mu (negative imperfect)
  • deri (perfect/past)
  • mu deri (negative perfect)
There are also darah (affirmative) and murah (negative), both refer explicitly to the future, and also da nai and deri nai as reinforced negative forms.

Desiderative Particles
  • na (imperfect/no-past)
  • mu na (negative imperfect)
  • neri (perfect/past)
  • mu neri (negative perfect)
There are also narah (affirmative) and mu narah (negative), both refer explicitly to desires in the future.

Example sentences

Ke da kurum  "this is a car."
He deri Salamanca-no l Guberno Palacium  "that was the Palace of the Government of Salamanca."
Fausto mu deri Pancho Villa-no alkaide  "Fausto was not the mayor of Pancho Villa."
Alissa deri mesterem  "Alissa was my teacher."
Erentošni London-ni deri Ricardus  "Ricardus was in London in the past year."

That's all for today.

Picture: Ryuko Matoi and Satsuki Kiryuin (Kill-la-Kill)

to będę jasny i gotowy (Tadeusz Woźniak)


Verb System and Refactory

I have been worked to refactor the Ozen verb system by these latter days. Worked to factor them to reflect tense, mode and person. Decided to get rid from inflected aspect and, instead, let it appear through some co-verb or prefix (the specific methods are being decided).

Also I am working on some method to convey gender in verbs, too. No masc/fem/neuter or something like. Instead, concrete and abstract are the genders I have choosen.

People and place names, including the fictional ones (unless if they are being used in the phylosophical sense), and name of everything we can see, or touch, or even imagine as a single object. Such names are all concrete gender.

Concepts, ideas, feelings, phylosophical beings and places, and also things we cannot imagine as a single object called by that name - these are the abstract nouns.

For example, heart. Either an human body organ or the love symbol, the Ozen word for it is saruze. It's kinda a case of bi-gender noun, according to the context, which must guide which verb forms are to be applied. It's common and natural we imagine the symbol - or even a heart-shape object - when we think about love (for which the Ozen word is hava). Hava is always abstract, while saruze can be either.

Next post, we could see the verb conjugation table. I hope we do.


Alternative Spelling of Diacritics and Doubled Forms

Let's see by now how the diacritics modify themselves into their doubled forms, and how each form is related to its diacritics.

The following consonants can get simply doubled: b, d, f, g, k, l, m, n, p, r, t, v and z. By its own, the doubled form of h is ch.

akkordu "consensus"
alla "bird"
brumma "witch; fairy"
reddere "responsibility"
suffel "souffle"
taggetu "target"

Well, that's all for now (:

Diacritic Alternative
š sz ssz tošal (toszal) "yearly"
ałrebessz "aurebesh"
ž zs zzs abenžu (abenzsu) "vengeance"
č tsz / csz tssz / cssz čusuda (tszusuda) "choose"
(*) c ts cc / tts Horvacia (Horvatsia) "Croatia"
(*) gy ggy hagyia "distinction"